Fam­ily and En­vir­on­ment

After the death of his father and his brother Ernst in 1892, Gustav Klimt took over the role as head of the ten-person Klimt family, and was now responsible for his mother and four siblings. Klimt had an intimate connection with the Flöge and Zimpel families, who were related by marriage, and also maintained friendships with several other families who summered on the Attersee. While Klimt never married, he had children with three different women: Maria Ucicka, Maria Zimmermann and Consuela Huber.
12 Families


Throughout his life, Gustav Klimt enjoyed a lively exchange with many artists of various disciplines in an intertwining of professional and private relationships and friendships. He established important contacts during his studies at the Imperial-Royal School of Arts and Crafts and later through his commissions and his membership in several artists’ associations. The founding of the Vienna Secession, in particular, and its exhibition activities played a key role in the cultivation of Klimt’s national and international network.

72 Persons


Already during his student days, Gustav Klimt received a lot of support from his teachers, who gave him his first paid jobs assisting with their own projects. Later, Ferdinand Eitelberger and the architectural office Fellner & Helmer would procure public commissions for the “Künstler-Compagnie.” When Klimt became increasingly famous, his circle of commissioners grew to include his private sphere. Among his benefactors were mostly wealthy, often Jewish personalities from the Viennese upper class.

30 Persons & Families


Vienna was one of the most important cultural and intellectual centers in Europe around 1900. In its cafés and salons, the most significant personalities on the contemporary artistic and cultural scene met to exchange ideas and to nurture and propagate modern ideologies. The intellectual and cultural environment of Modernism, with its upheavals and innovations, also had a formative influence on the oeuvre of Gustav Klimt.

38 Persons


Gustav Klimt lived in Vienna in various apartments and studios, and from 1900, spent several weeks a year on the Attersee during the summer months. He frequently traveled for commissions, exhibition participations, and at times with friends and family members, to inspiring places in Austria and abroad. These included destinations in Hungary, Czechia, Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Belgium and Great Britain.
18 Places

Spheres of Activ­ity

Around 1900, there was a palpable atmosphere of departure all over Europe, which led to a break with conservative traditions in the arts and culture. Vienna saw the founding of numerous institutions, artists’ associations, photographers’ unions, galleries and salons. These acted as the birthplace of Modernism which, in keeping with the idea of the Gesamtkunstwerk, aimed at permeating all areas of life with art. Thus, even coffeehouses, cabarets and fashion salons became spheres of activity of the fine arts.

28 Spheres of Activity